Hawaiian volcanoes are shield volcanoes. Compare what your see hear with what you would expect from a stratovolcano eruption.
We will never realise the gravity of climate change under it is right in right of us. Singapore is not spared from this.
Explaining Tsunami formation using only the 1000 most commonly used words in the EL language.
Source: American Geophysical Union Blog
Photograph © Andrew Dunn, 04 November 2006.
“We’re coming up with these hard engineering solutions to fight nature. Artificial headlands, seawalls … they are Band-Aid solutions. The most cautious thing to do would be to maintain proper buffer zones.”
Why people still prefer seawalls:
Rissik is sanguine about the concentration of infrastructure around Australia’s coast. “From a pathway from the beach, a local economy grows and, once that is established, it anchors people to that area and change is very difficult.”
Rissik says: “People forget and they build there again.”
Seawalls and other hard engineering methods can be very effective in stopping natural coastal processes – erosion as well as deposit. This resulting in stable coastlines, allowing people to stay and build communities.
However, how sustainable is this with sea levels rising yearly? There comes a tie where the safer option is to retreat further inland and to establish a buffer zone between water and settlement.