Rural Cambodian villagers defiant in face of looming hydropower flood

From the government’s perspective: hydropower will aid the country economically and elevate the standard of living of the people. Rural people will also be compensated and relocated to new, better residences with access to school, electricity and a market.

From villager’s perspective: as my old village is flooded to make way for the HEP plant, my old way of life also disappears. Unlike the past where the river can provide for my every need (especially food) for free, I now need to work to have enough money to pay for the basic needs I use to get so easily from the river.

Who’s right?

According to the article, proper negotiation with all parties are very important. While there is likely no way to avoid the building of the dam/HEP plant, the locals affected could have been consulted more to understand their concerns especially with regard to relocation.

Such consultation with locals is equally important with NGOs and disaster relief work.

Source: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/rural-cambodian-villagers-defiant-in-face-of-looming-hydropower/3293410.html

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Reservoirs, climate change and the danger of methane

Turns out overcoming global warming is way more than merely reducing our energy consumption and burning less fossil fuels. What we thought was clean energy – hydropower – may end up being a source of greenhouse gas (methane) in the atmosphere.

Reservoirs are a classic instance of how major human alteration’s to the Earth’s landscape can have unexpected effects. Flooding large areas of Earth can set off new chemical processes as tiny microorganisms break down organic matter in the water, sometimes doing so in the absence of oxygen — a process that leads to methane as a byproduct. One reason this happens is that the flooded areas initially contain lots of organic life in the form of trees and grasses.

The impact of agriculture (farming) nearby also excerabates matters:

Meanwhile, as nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus flow into reservoirs from rivers — being poured in by human agriculture and waste streams — these can further drive algal growth in reservoirs, giving microorganisms even more material to break down. The study finds that for these reasons, reservoirs emit more methane than “natural lakes, ponds, rivers, or wetlands.”

“If oxygen is around, then methane gets converted back to CO2,” said John Harrison, another of the study’s authors, and also a researcher at Washington State. “If oxygen isn’t present, it can get emitted back to the atmosphere as methane.”And flooded areas, he said, are more likely to be depleted of oxygen.

Similarly, our asian food staple of rice also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.

A similar process occurs in rice paddies, which are also a major source of methane emissions.

So what now? Stop consuming rice and abandon all reservoirs? No…

…reservoirs may be emitting just shy of a gigaton, or billion tons, of annual carbon dioxide equivalents. That would mean they contributed 1.3 percent of the global total.

Just as there are unavoidable contributions to ghg emissions – hydropower is most likely still cleaner than fossil fuels, and rice will still remain a staple food for many Asians, we can focus out attention on avoidable sources of greenhouse gases. These include the excessive usage of electricity, overuse of motor vehicles instead of public transport or other means of transportation, etc.

Source: washingtonpost

Solar Ovens – ensuring food is cooked

“Because of the expenses of gas, it’s cheaper to use the solar ovens and using natural energy from the sun,” Esthel said in Spanish through a translator.

A small number of communities in the Dominican Republic are buying solar ovens to cook their meals, avoiding cooking with gas stoves or wood that present financial and health problems.

Sometimes we forget that ensuring food security is not just about having sufficient food supply, but the people also need the means to be able to cook the food for consumption. This also contributes to a country’s food consumption.

Source: http://pulitzercenter.org/reporting/cooking-revolution-dominican-republic-communities-change-lifestyles-solar-ovens

In richer countries where food security/food safety is not usually as much a problem, solar ovens or sun cooking is also used as an environmental-friendly/off-grid option:

SUN OVENS INTERNATIONAL is committed to providing an alternative to cooking with wood and charcoal in deforested developing countries that have been blessed with an abundance of sunshine.

SUN OVENS® can have an enormous impact on the everyday life of millions of people by:

1. Reducing the demand on forests.

2. Reducing health hazards.

3. Improving women’s conditions

Source: https://www.sunoven.com/sun-cooking-usa/benefits/